UNESCO World Heritage is an international treaty adopted by the General Conference of UNESCO on November 16, 1972. It is about preservation of historical, natural and cultural monuments that possess global significance and belong to all humans, regardless of their race, religion and nationality. Based on the mentioned convention, all the members of UNESCO are able to record the historical, natural and cultural monuments of their countries as World Heritage. After registration, the owner country and also all of the members are responsible for the protection of these monuments. World Heritage places that are registered in the UNESCO include places such as forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city.
After 3 years of the approval of the General Conference of UNESCO on Wednesday, 26 February 1975, Iran joined World Heritage Convention. In 1979 Choghazanbil with criteria (iii, iv)Persepolis with criteria (I,iii,vi) and Naghsh-e Jahan Square with the criteria (I,v,vi) were the first historical sites in Iran that were added to World Heritage Sites. In 2011 Iranian Gardens including Pasargod, Eram, Chehelsoton, Fin, Abasabad, Shazdeh, Dolatabad, Pahlevanpoor, and Akbareih having special and unique architecture were added to the list with criteria(i، ii، iii، iv، vi. Meeting in 2013, the Golestan Palace were included to the list of UNESCO World Heritage. The cornerstone of Golestan Palace, located in the older part of Tehrna, was established in Safavid dynasty. Its major parts were constructed inside the old fence of Tehran. This palace then was developed in 19th century and was used by the Qajar royal families as their home. The palace consists of eight main buildings and a garden. Nowadays, the whole collection is used as a museum. Golestan Palace garden which was constructed as a merged style of European-Persian gardens. Shahr-e Sukhteh (meaning the Burnt City) is the last historical site from Iran of which is registered in the UNESCO World Heritage List. This heritage was accepted as the 17th monument from Iran in 2014 UNESCO World summit. In addition to the mentioned registered historical sites, there are some sites suggested to be added in UNESCO World Heritage List, such as Naghsh-e Rostam, Naghsh-e Rajab, Tagh-e Bostan, Damavand Mountain, Ancient City of Masuleh, Alamoot Cultural Landscape, Qonabad Aqueduct, Golestan National Park, Arasbaran Protected Area, Sabalan Mountain, Hegmataneh, Kabud Mosque,and many other places.
Armenian Monastic Ensembles of Iran (2008) Bam and its Cultural Landscape (2004) Bisotun (2006) Cultural Landscape of Maymand (2015) Golestan Palace (2013) Gonbad-e Qābus (2012) Masjed-e Jāmé of Isfahan (2012) Meidan Emam, Esfahan (1979) Pasargadae (2004) Persepolis (1979) Shahr-i Sokhta (2014) Sheikh Safi al-din Khānegāh and Shrine Ensemble in Ardabil (2010) Shushtar Historical Hydraulic System (2009) Soltaniyeh (2005) Susa (2015) Tabriz Historic Bazaar Complex (2010) Takht-e Soleyman (2003) Tchogha Zanbil (1979) The Persian Garden (2011) The Persian Qanat (2016)